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NLDS Preview: Ballpark

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A playoff series deserves more attention than a regular season series.  For that reason, I will be adding more information to my previews.  To make things easier to digest, it will be a three part series.  The first will be the ballpark.  Later today, the offense and defense.  Some time tomorrow, I'll post a scouting report on the Phillies pitchers, injuries and any other interesting information.


Citizens Bank Park


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Citizens Bank measures just 329' to the left field corner, 360' to the LF-CF power alley, 401' to dead center, 396' to the corner to the right of center, and 330' to dead right field.  A wild card to the park is the sunlight/shadows.  With Games 1 and 2 set for 2:37 EDT, evening shadows figure to play a part in the visibility on the field, much as it was in 2007.

The Phillies' home park has a reputation of being a "Little League Field" due to the short porches and large numbers of home runs hit.  That reputation isn't a mirage, but it's not nearly as deserved as it has been suggested to be.

According to Baseball Reference, Citizens Bank has favored hitters, but only slightly.  As I did in August 31st's NL West Report, I have average the pitcher/hitter effects for simplicity. 





Find the surprising context after the jump.

Following are all 16 National League parks and their Baseball Reference park factors, sorted first by the 2009 score, then by the multi-year score as a tie-breaker.

Ballpark 2009 Multi-year
Chase Field 108 107
Coors Field 105.5 107
Great American Ballpark 1045 104.5
AT&T Park 103.5 102
Wrigley Field 103 105
Minute Maid Park 103 98.5
Citizens Bank Park 101.5 102.5
Nationals Park 101.5 101.5
Turner Field 101 99
NL Average 100.06 100.53
Citi Field 99.5 99.5
Busch Stadium 98 99
Miller Park 97.5 100
Land Shark Stadium 97 99
Dodger Stadium 94.5 99.5
PNC Park 94.5 95.5
Petco Park 88.5 89

According the above table, Citizens Bank is just the 7th most offensive park in the National League (if one chooses to sort by the multi-year factor, they place fifth).  Sure, it provides some offensive support, but why then is it perceived as being such -time offensive park? 

The reality is that home runs influence the perception of a park more than anything.  The Phillies have been in the top 3 in the NL in HR 6 of the 7 years playing at Citizens Bank, including first each of the last two seasons.  They finished with 34 more home runs than any other NL team this year.  Part of that is their supreme home run hitting talent, but it's also because it's the second best HR-hitting park in the league.  Here are the NL Parks sorted by their HR/FB factor, as shown at StatCorner:

Ballpark HR/FB Factor
Coors Field 121.6
Citizens Bank Park 116.4
Wrigley Field 115.6
Chase Field 115.3
Great American Ballpark 112.3
Dodger Stadium 111.1
Miller Park 105.9
Minute Maid Park 105.8
NL Average 103.28
Turner Field 99.1
Land Shark Stadium 92.3
PNC Park 90.9
Busch Stadium 87.2
AT&T PArk 86.1
Petco Park 86

It's no accident that the above table probably aligns more closely to the average fan's (and commentator's) perception of NL parks as hitting/pitching parks.  (Note:  Citi Field and Nationals Park are too new to be listed on StatCorner's park factor section).  So obviously, Citizens Bank Park is kind to home runs, but for it to be nearly neutral, it must favor pitchers for other events other than home runs.  That is indeed the case.  The following are Citizens Bank Park's park factors for twelve different offensive events:

K 103.6
BB 99.3
1B 96
2B 95.2
3B 98.3
HR/FB 116.4
GB 102.3
OF 97.1
LD 99.9
IF 93
HBP 104.2
R 102.7

For every other way of reaching base, CBP favors the pitcher. 


Conclusion: Citizens Bank Park is indeed a hitter's park, but its potency is greatly exaggerated due to its admitted leniency for home runs.  The smothering effect it has on other offensive events lead it to be only slightly more of a hitter's park than average.  

These black and white numbers are not perfect and should not be taken to be perfectly precise.  Decimals probably should not be included.  Their variance can be exhibited in the difference from some parks in 2009 related to their multi-year factors.  However, the factors are based on a great deal of empirical data, so the trends they exhibit are still representative of the physical effects we have seen.